Conceptual Graph Bibliography

The theory and notation for conceptual graphs were first published in an article by John Sowa [15] and further elaborated in two books [16,18]. CGs have been the topic of three special issues of journals [1,17,23] and the proceedings of a series of international conferences and workshops [2,3,4,6,7,9,10,12,19,20,21]. Conceptual graphs have been recommended as a conceptual schema language [11], and they have been implemented in tools for software specification and modeling [5]. They have also been used as the primary knowledge representation language for natural language generation [8], metaphor [22], and information extraction [13,14].

  1. Chein, Michel, ed. (1996) Revue d'Intelligence artificielle, Special Issue on Conceptual Graphs, vol. 10, no. 1.

  2. Eklund, Peter W., Gerard Ellis, & Graham Mann, eds. (1996) Conceptual Structures: Knowledge Representation as Interlingua, Lecture Notes in AI 1115, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  3. Ellis, Gerard, Robert A. Levinson, William Rich, & John F. Sowa, eds. (1995) Conceptual Structures: Applications, Implementation, and Theory, Lecture Notes in AI 954, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  4. Ganter, Bernhard, & Guy W. Mineau, eds. (2000) Conceptual Structures: Logical, Linguistic, and Computational Issues, Lecture Notes in AI 1867, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  5. Hansen, Hans Robert, Robert Mühlbacher, & Gustaf Neumann (1992) Begriffsbasierte Integration von Systemanalysemethoden, Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg. Distributed by Springer-Verlag.

  6. Lukose, Dickson, Harry Delugach, Mary Keeler, Leroy Searle, & John Sowa, eds. (1997) Conceptual Structures: Fulfilling Peirce's Dream, Lecture Notes in AI 1257, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  7. Nagle, T. E., J. A. Nagle, L. L. Gerholz, & P. W. Eklund, eds. (1992) Conceptual Structures: Current Research and Practice, Ellis Horwood, New York.

  8. Nogier, Jean-François (1991) Génération automatique de langage et graphes conceptuels, Hermès, Paris.

  9. Mineau, Guy W., Bernard Moulin, & John F. Sowa, eds. (1993) Conceptual Graphs for Knowledge Representation, Lecture Notes in AI 699, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  10. Mugnier, Marie-Laure, & Michel Chein, eds. (1998) Conceptual Structures: Theory, Tools, and Applications, Lecture Notes in AI 1453, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  11. Perez, Sandra K., & Anthony K. Sarris, eds. (1995) Technical Report for IRDS Conceptual Schema, Part 1: Conceptual Schema for IRDS, Part 2: Modeling Language Analysis, X3/TR-14:1995, American National Standards Institute, New York, NY.

  12. Pfeiffer, Heather D., & Timothy E. Nagle, eds. (1993) Conceptual Structures: Theory and Implementation, Lecture Notes in AI 754, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  13. Rassinoux, Anne-Marie (1994) Extraction et Représentation de la Connaissance tirée de Textes Médicaux, Éditions Systèmes et Information, Geneva.

  14. Schröder, Martin (1994) Erwartungsgestützte Analyse medizinischer Befundungstexte: Ein wissensbasiertes Modell zur Sprachverarbeitung, Infix-Verlag, Sankt Augustin.

  15. Sowa, John F. (1976) "Conceptual graphs for a database interface," IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 336-357.

  16. Sowa, John F. (1984) Conceptual Structures: Information Processing in Mind and Machine, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.

  17. Sowa, John F., ed. (1992) Knowledge-Based Systems, Special Issue on Conceptual Graphs, vol. 5, no. 3, September 1992.

  18. Sowa, John F. (2000) Knowledge Representation: Logical, Philosophical, and Computational Foundations, Brooks Cole Publishing Co., Pacific Grove, CA.

  19. Stumme, Gerd, ed. (2000) Working with Conceptual Structures: Contributions to ICCS'2000, Shaker-Verlag, Aachen.

  20. Tepfenhart, William, and Walling Cyre, eds. (1999) Conceptual Structures: Standards and Practices, Lecture Notes in AI 1640, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  21. Tepfenhart, William M., Judith P. Dick, and John F. Sowa, eds. (1994) Conceptual Structures: Current Practice, Lecture Notes in AI 835, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

  22. Way, Eileen C. (1991) Knowledge Representation and Metaphor, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

  23. Way, Eileen C., ed. (1992) Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence (JETAI), Special Issue on Conceptual Graphs, vol. 4, no. 2.