2001: EU Directive on Copyright
The European Union passed this directivefor member states to harmonise copyrights and related rights in the information society. The directive adopts the WIPO Copyright Treaty and the Performances and Phonograms Treaty, which make it criminal to circumvent technological copy protections.
scope of copyright is expanded to include new forms of reproduction, such
as temporary reproduction. The directive states that strict intolerance
for illegal distribution of counterfeited or pirated works must not be
compromised by any European member states.